The world has seen exponential population growth over the last half century. That growth is set to continue for at least another half century with estimates putting the global population at 9 billion by the middle of the century. Not only will the planet see enormous population growth as a whole but more and more of that total population are living in urban areas. More than half of the world’s population now lives in cities. The result is increasing demands for extensive construction to provide housing for these populations, factories and offices for them to work in, public ports, stations and infrastructure to connect it all together. Such huge requirements on the construction industry put enormous strains of project management in construction and call for more dynamic and innovative methods and techniques of planning and managing construction projects.
Any given construction project has the potential to be incredibly complex. Naturally as projects get larger they tend to become more complex but each project needs a relative amount of oversight to ensure it is successful. Not only is it essential to make sure that projects are successfully completed on time but also that they are able to return a profit for investors. Project management in construction is the process that ensures that a construction is kept under control and makes it successful.
Construction project management is in of itself a complex process. There are numerous different areas of the construction process that need to be taken into account. Each of these components large and small has the potential to derail a project and cause it to lose money or even come to a complete stop. It is vital therefore that no single aspect is overlooked in the planning and management phases of a construction.
Cost is probably the most critical factor to manage in a construction project. If a project runs out of money it is perfectly possible that no further funding can be obtained and that a project may have to be abandoned and its assets liquidated in order to minimise the losses to investors. Particularly in difficult times for finance and the construction industry, developers can no longer have expectations of being able to find supplementary investment to help a distressed project.
Quantity surveyors are brought in at the beginning of a project to calculate the cost of materials to be used in the project. Often their expertise is employed in broader services of estimating other costs on the project such as labour and crisis resolution. Crisis resolution is an incredibly important aspect of cost management. While comprehensive planning can be put in place to minimise the risk of a conflict occurring it cannot completely eliminate the possibility of an unexpected conflict or problem occurring. In this situation having an agency such a quantity surveyor involved in the project management of the construction can help to resolve the problem expediently and with minimal cost. A quantity surveyor is likely to have broad experience and knowledge of the cost of a range of problems and the most effective methods used to resolve a given problem. This means they can quickly implement a plan to resolve the issue and get a project beck within budget and on schedule.
Scheduling is another critical part of project managing a construction and is a primary factor in cost. Any delays that occur with one contractor can have serious knock on effects for the rest of the scheduling. There are many aspects of a build that simply cannot happen until other components have already been put in place.
Effective project management in construction is vital to keep our cities growing and developing more productive societies.